“Нынешний 1895 год является юбилейным годом четверти-вековой горнозаводской деятельности в пределах Екатеринославской губернии. Собственно, горнозаводская деятельность в пределах Екатеринославской губернии началась ещё в 1795 году, т.е. ровно 100 лет назад, – устройством, по мысли тогдашнего генерал-фельдцеймейстера и генерал-губернатора Екатеринославско-вознесенского наместничества, графа Зубова, казённого луганского пушечного и чугунно-литейного завода. Но этот завод имел, во-первых, узко-специальное назначение – удовлетворял нуждам военного и флотского ведомств, а во-вторых – деятельность его была крайне неудачна и он, по своей убыточности, был закрыт.
“This year of 1895 is the anniversary year of a quarter-century of mining activity within Yekaterinoslavskaya gubernia. Actually, the mining activity within Ekaterinoslav Governorate began in 1795, i.e. exactly 100 years ago, – by arranging, according to the idea of Count Zubov, the general-feldsmeister and governor-general of Ekaterinoslav-Voznesenskoye Viceroyalty, the public Lugansk cannon and iron foundry. But this plant had, first, narrowly-special purpose – to meet the needs of the military and naval departments, and secondly, its activity was extremely unsuccessful, and he, because of its unprofitability, was closed.
Thus, on the affairs of Lugansk plant can be regarded only as a pioneer attempt to plantation of mining industry in the province of Ekaterinoslav.
Serious approach to this business began here only since 1870, when “Novorossiysk Society of coal, iron and rail production”, founded in Bakhmutsky uyezd by John Hughes (now deceased) with the capital of 300000 rubles, raised in England, was approved on April 18, 1869. From this time onward the province of Ekaterinoslav was called to new economic activity. Smoke from the high blast furnaces of the Yuzov plant, like a victorious banner, developed over the hitherto deserted sparsely populated areas of our region. Wheels of machines were beating, steam engines were whistling, and a dense network of rails covered places, where even recently there was a lack of good country roads.
What a great influence the opening of metallurgical, ironworks and railroads had on the economic development of the region can be judged at least by the statistical data concerning coal mining, this most important nerve of the present industrial life of Ekaterinoslav province.
So, in the beginning of the 60-s there was not even a million of poods of coal in the whole Donetsk region (in the 50-s less than 500 thousand poods were produced), in 1870, when works on Aleksandrovsky Yuzovsky mines started, coal production reached to 15500,000 poods, in 10 years, in 1880 it reached – To 48,000,000 poods, five years later, in 1885. – 70 mil. poods, and in another 5 years, in 1890, almost 200,000,000 poods were extracted in the whole Donetsk district, and this extraction is increasing more and more. The same is noticed in the mining of iron ore and other materials.
The example of Hughes gave an impetus to the “pioneer” of the western part of the Ekaterinoslav Province, N. A. Pol. Attention was turned to the Krivoy Rog district, and there the hammers rattled, the wheels rumbled, the blast furnaces began to blaze. In short, during that quarter of the century the picture of economical life of Ekaterinoslav province has completely changed, and Ekaterinoslav itself from a run-down provincial town turned into the center of industrial activity, which was going to compete even with its strong neighbor Kiev”.
The 25th anniversary of mining industry in the South of Russia // Priazovsky Krai. – 1895. – September 30. (№252). – С.1